Beslenme ile ilgili en iyi bloglar

Marieclaire.ru göre Rusça sağlık ve beslenme hakkında en ilginç ve yararlı bloglar.

Kalorik bir bayram ya da tatilden sonra annelerimizden ya da kız arkadaşlarımızdan bu gizemli ifadeyi ne sıklıkla duyuyoruz: “Kendimize bir boşaltma günü düzenlememiz gerekiyor.” Geleneksel anlamda, bu bir kefir, sebze, elma ya da başka bir şey üzerinde bir ya da iki gün boyunca bir önceki ağırlığa dönmek ve daha sonra yeni bir şekilde dönmek anlamına gelir. Temizlenmiş görünüyor (vicdan, en azından, tam olarak temiz), ama aslında değil.

Listemizdeki kızlar hayatlarını bir kez ve herkes için değiştirdi, işe yaramaz, işe yaramaz ve nihayetinde gereksiz olan her şeye “hayır” diyorlardı. Eğer radikal, Diyetinizi kendiniz değiştirmek daha iyi ve daha sağlıklı hissetmeye başlayabilir Ve eğer gerçekte, neden onun vücut birkaç gün tecavüz, parlak ten, ince rakam, çeşitli kendilerini mutlu mesut, acı çekmediğini böylece ekstra ağırlık unutup sahip ve her gün lezzetli yemekler? Böyle bir yaşam istiyorsanız, sağlık ve doğru beslenme ile ilgili en iyi blogların seçilmesi çok yararlı olacaktır.

Salatshop

Olga Malysheva

Muhtemelen doğru beslenme hakkında en ticari başarılı blog. İdeolojik ilham kaynağı Olya Malysheva, doğru ürünlerden basit tariflerle arkadaşlara yönelik bir blogla başladı. Şimdi Facebook neredeyse 19.000 takipçileri, Instagram, 7 29.6K abonelerinin ve 3 günlük detoks programı, proje zaten birçok kızların kalbini kazanmış taze sağlıklı meyve suları, tatlılar ve atıştırmalıklar ile 365 detoks vardır. Onun blog, Olga Her durum için yararlı tarifleri, güzellik ve kişisel bakım konusunda tavsiye, ruhuyla heroines ve sadece güzel-motivasyon ile ilginç görüşmeler, seyahat etrafında çarpıcı görüntüler ve bir ülkenin hikayesini, yoga uygulayıcıları, yorumlar bölünmüş en iyi yerler, kitaplar, bakım araçları ve diğerleri. 

Blogdan alıntı yap Salatshop.ru:

“Arınmanın yardım, dikkat, yaşam tarzı ve düşüncelerindeki değişimleri gerektireceğini hazırlıklı olmalısınız. “Ham” veya “vegan” kelimelerini değil, beslenmenin devletinize ve yaşam biçiminize uygunluğunu belirtmek önemlidir. “

“Bir diyetten diğerine gitmek için, herhangi bir bedenin zamana ihtiyacı vardır. Diyetinizde bir günde bir devrim yapmaya çalışmayın. Kademeli değişiklikler daima maksimum sonucu verir. “

Yaşasın!

Julia Korneva

Başka ilginç bir proje de Julia Korneva’dan. “Yeşil” tarafa gitmeye karar verirseniz, o zaman Julia’nın blogunda neden ve neden yapılması gerektiği konusunda birçok yararlı ipucu bulacaksınız. Örneğin, neden süt yararlı karbonhidrat atıfta yağlar ürünler ve genel olarak kaçınmalıdır – iyi beslenme temelleri nelerdir. Yol boyunca, o “sağlıklı” gıdalar, organik kozmetik satın değerinde olduğu, bu karabuğday unu veya pancar Humus ve tarifleri rakamlar için birçok zararsız gelen kek pişirmeyi, transandantal meditasyon olduğunu biliyoruz.

Bu arada, tarifler hakkında. Julia, tabaktan ayrılmadan lezzetli ve sağlıklı yemekler hazırlayabileceğiniz indirilen Iphone için tüm uygulamayı geliştirdi. Tarifler ayda iki kez güncellenir. Ve tüm bu 169 ruble için.

Diğer her şeyde, Julia sadece hevesli bir filistin değil, mezunudur. Kurumları listesinde, Harvard Tıp Okulu, California Üniversitesi, Vanderbilt Üniversitesi ve bu listenin sonu değil. 

Dan alıntı Live-up.co:

“Çok konuşuyorum ve bazen ilginç insanlarla, örneğin fiziksel aktivite uzmanları, anti-stres teknikleri, doğru beslenme, detoks ile röportaj yapıyorum. Ve kendisi sadece sağlıklı bir yaşam tarzı saplantı ve deneyimlerini paylaşabilirler ünlü ve ilginç insanlar yeni ve faydalı ürünler oluşturur ve olanlar için uzun ömür ve sağlıklı beslenme üzerine bir kitap yazmış olanlar. “

Nasıl yeşil

Alexandra Novikova

Ünlü restaurator Arkady Novikova’nın kızı Alexander bir zamanlar doğru beslenme ve organik ürünlere büyük ilgi gösterdi. Öyle ki o Bütünleştirici Beslenme Enstitüsü kursundan mezun ve denilen bir blog açtı Nasıl cilt ve saç bakımı ve diğer çok onun bilgi, tecrübe, seyahat, yemek tarifleri “yeşil” gıda, güzellik-sırları paylaşan yeşil, için yararlı şeyler.

Örneğin, ofiste bir aperatif öfke yönetmek ve başınızın üzerinde durmayı öğrenmek, Moskova’da sağlıklı vejetaryen yemek yemeye zararlı süt ürünleri neden nano dondurma ya yüzlü armut ve arı poleni, hazırlamak ve sadece, ama aynı zamanda bulmak öğreneceksiniz Bu restoranların şeflerinden özel tarifler. 

Dan alıntı Howtogreen.ru:

“Yeşilin amacı, sizi yeşil bir yaşam tarzına çekmek, böylece sağlığınızı ve gezegenimizi geliştirmek. Burada yararlı ipuçları, yemek tarifleri ve yorumları bulacaksınız. “

yemek dürtmek

Victoria Filbert

Saratov Victoria Filbert’in tatlı ve kırılgan kızlarından beslenme, spor, yoga ve kendini geliştirme hakkında harika bir blog. Temel amaç, daha iyiye gitmemize, enerjiyi ve canlılığı, güzelliği ve sağlıklı yaşam tarzını şarj etmemize ilham vermektir. blogunda size iş yerinde iyi beslenme, Vick bizzat kontrol basit ve hızlı tarifler hack daha iyi, yaşam için kendilerini değişti “yeşil” hareket, sporcular, şefler ve kendi kendini yetiştirmiş kız mensuplarıyla büyüleyici görüşme bulacaksınız. Ayrıca, farklı konularda birçok yeni yorum öğreneceksiniz: ilham verici instagram hesaplarından evdeki ve salondaki çalışmalar için en iyi spor kıyafeti. 

Vicki’nin blogu hız kazanıyor, ancak çok popüler olacağından eminiz. İlk sayfalardan, ana temaya ruhun ve sevginin buna yatırım yapıldığı anlaşılıyor. 

Dan alıntı Eatandjog.ru:

“Bu ifadeyi gerçekten çok beğendim:” Diyetler işe yarıyorsa, o kadar fazla olmayacaklardı. ” Gerçekten, deneyimlerinize ve anlayışınıza tekrar bakın – popüler diyetler işe yaramıyor. Hızlı kilo kaybı sadece bir sonraki hızlı kilo alımına yol açmaz, aynı zamanda sağlık sorunlarına da katkıda bulunur. Bu nedenle, tek makul seçenek dengeli bir kişisel menüdür.

Freshlover

Valentina Gorbunova

The Freshlover projesi, kendinizi bir kez ve herkes için nasıl değiştireceğiniz, kötü alışkanlıklar bıraktığınız ve sağlıklı bir yaşam tarzına aşık olduğunuz bir hikayedir. Bu, bir zamanlar kendisine “yeterli” olduğunu söyleyen ve kendini tedavi etmeye başlayan Valentina Gorbunova hakkında bir hikaye. Şimdi güvenli bir şekilde kendini iyi hissetmek için nasıl yaşanacağını öğreten ve gösterecek bir “sağlık koçu” olarak adlandırılabilir. Adım kılavuz Bu adım: başlamak nasıl düşünmek nasıl, ne yemek, okumak ne, spor nasıl oynanır, nasıl ve kimler tarafından ilham almak ve başka – çocuklarının lezzetli beslemek için nasıl küçük bir bölümü, ve en önemlisi kullanışlı.

Sevgililer makaleleri okumak için çok ilginç, her ayrıntıya dikkat çekiyor, “ne, neden ve neden?” Diye açıklıyor, böylece sorular sadece kalmayacak. Blogunu okumanın uzun bir süre sizi büyüleyeceğine eminiz!

Dan alıntı Freshlover.ru:

“Başarının sırrı basit – almak ve yapmak. Ya ileriye doğru hareket edersiniz ya da düşersiniz. Üçüncü bir seçenek yok. “

“Kendilerine bakmak için motive ve ikna edilmek isteyenler – yanlış yere düştü. Sağlıklı yaşamak için içsel motivasyona sahip değilseniz, kendi iyiliğinizin doğru anlayışına dayanan – hepsi işe yaramaz. Herkesin kendine ait bir yolu var. “

  1. Tverking ve kilo vermek için en belirgin birkaç şey değil
  2. Gerçekten yararlı olan zararlı ürünler
  3. Yemek yememesi daha iyi olan 10 çeşit balık
  4. Düğün tiara Megan Markle

Fotoğraflar: üstteki bloglar, Getty Images

7 geleneksel Rus ulusal mutfağı çorbası

Rus mutfağının en seçkin temsilcileri geleneksel çorbalardır. Dünya çapında bilinen 7 gerçek Rus çorbası seçtik.

Muhtemelen, ulusal mutfağımızın doğuşunda dünyanın farklı ülkelerinden getirilen ürünlerin oynadığı anahtar rol oynamış herkes için bir sır değildir. Ancak, Rus ev hanımlarının deneyleri ve asıl olarak “ekmek” veya “çorba” olarak adlandırılan en sevdiğimiz çorbalarımızla dünya mutfaklarına getirilen usta masasının en iyi aşçılarıydı.

borsch

Birkaç yüzyıl boyunca İmparatoriçe Catherine the Great’in en sevdiği çorba, sadece Rus mutfağının değil, aynı zamanda Rus ailelerinin çoğunda da favori olmuştur. Ve tam olarak aynı asırlık uzunluğa sahip olan komşularımız Ukraynalılar kendilerini bu çorbanın orijinal yazarı olarak atamak istiyorlar. Bu nedenle, belki de bazı kuruluşların menüsünde “Ukrayna borsch” ile tanışabilirsiniz. Ancak, ülkemizde pancar çorbasının yorumu büyüktür: soğuk, pancar, yağsız, dana eti, mantarlı – bu ve diğer çorba çeşitleri genellikle Rusya’da bulunur. Ancak bu tür çeşitli malzemelerle bile, bu Rus borschunun değişmez esası üç ana sebzeden (pancar, lahana ve havuç) oluşur.

tarifi:

400 gr et, 5 patates, 3 adet. pancar, 3 adet. havuç, 1 lahana, 1 büyük domates, 2 yemek kaşığı. l. sirke, 1 çorba kaşığı. l. şeker, tuz, dereotu, sarımsak – tadı

Eti kaynatın. Et pişirildiğinde, soyulmuş patatesleri ekleyin ve birkaç dakika sonra lahana rendesi doğrayın. Kapağı bir kapakla kapatın. Kızartma tavasını önceden ısıtın ve bitkisel yağı dökün. Havuç ve pancar kesilmiş şeritler yerleştirin, 2 yemek kaşığı ekleyin. l. sirke ve 1 çorba kaşığı. l. şeker. 15 dakika güveçte bekletin. Ayrıca juiciness için birkaç kaşık suyu da ekleyebilirsiniz. Sebze karışımının hazırlanmasından birkaç dakika önce. Domates ekleyin. Lahana ve patates neredeyse hazır olduğunda, onlara havuç ve pancar koyun ve karıştırın. Hazır olana kadar küçük bir ateşte çürümeye bırakın. Ince borsch dereotu ve sarımsak ile serpin, plakalara dökün ve ekşi krema ile süsleyin.

saltwort

Yabancı turistler arasında eğlenceli bir gastronomi kuralı vardır: Rusya’da açlıktan ölmemek için tek kelimeyi bilmek yeterlidir – solyanka. Yüzyıllar önce, Rusya’nın domates bile olmadığı zamanlarda köylüler bu çorbayı votka için bir atıştırmalık olarak pişirmişlerdi. Tuzlu suların bir parçası olarak mutlaka salamura, yağlı et ve sebze bahçeden. Zenginliğini ve yağ içeriğini göz önünde bulunduran hodgepodge, sarhoş ve mükemmel bir şekilde tatmin edici bir açlık için daha az yardımcı oldu. Yine de, bu çorba en yüksek sınıfın temsilcilerinin masalarında bulunamadı, bu yüzden çorbanın orijinal adı – köy – köy “kelimesinden geldi.

Şu anki gündelik hayatımızda, “toplu hodgepodge” ifadesi, sadece yemek pişirmede değil, aynı zamanda bir şeyin kompozisyonunun çeşitliliğini tanımlamak için yaşamın diğer alanlarında da kullanılan sıkı bir şekilde yerleşmiştir.

tarifi:

400 gr sığır eti, 4 sosis, 200 gr haşlanmış sosis, 3 tuzlu salatalık, 200 gram jambon, 1 adet. soğan, 1 demet maydanoz, 1 kutu zeytin, 2 yemek kaşığı domates salçası

Defne yaprağı ve karabiber eklenmesiyle et suyunu pişirin. Domates ezmesi ile et suyu, sosis, sosis, jambon, soğan, salatalık, maydanoz ve güveçten 10 dakika kesilir. Karışımı et suyuna aktarın ve 10 dakika pişirin. Ardından et, sosis, jambon ve sosis ekleyin. Kaynamaya pişirin. Zeytinleri çorbaya tuzlu su ile dökün ve kaynatın.

turşu

Bir solyanka gibi, bu çorba Rusya’nın en eskilerinden biriydi ve ülkemizde (17. yüzyıl) sıvı sıcak yemeklerin resmi görünümünden çok önce pişirildi. Rassolnik neredeyse% 100 salatalık turşusu gelen salatalık turşusu eklenmiş, onun adını aldı. Çorba malzemelerinin geri kalanı (inci arpa, havuç) da mevcut ve basitdi, bu da sıradan köylülerin masalarında sık sık misafir oluyordu. Ve bu arada, o günlerde bir “akşamdan kalma” olarak adlandırılan bir hodgepodge gibi, rassolnik sıklıkla alkol için bir atıştırmalık olarak veya akşamdan kalma durumu hafifletmek için kullanılırdı.

tarifi:

300 gr sığır eti, 150 gr inci arpa, 2 patates, 1 soğan, 2 diş sarımsak, 1 havuç, 3 salatalık turşusu, yeşillik, biber, fesleğen – tat

Sığır et suyunu pişirin. Bitkisel yağ ince doğranmış soğan, sarımsak ve havuç ile baharatlar doğrayın. İnci arpa yarısına kadar kaynatın. Patatesleri ince doğrayın ve tadı, kuzu ve tadıyla birlikte hazırlanan et suyuna ekleyin. Yemekten 10 dakika önce dilimlenmiş salatalık ve yeşillikler ekleyin.

kulak

Uzun bir süre bu çorba adı bir ev adı (“kulak” kelimesi – Hint-Avrupa kökü jus türetilmiş – bir kaynatma, navar) ve herhangi bir çorba – sebze kulak, et kulak, balık çorbası başvurmak için kullanılan oldu. Fakat daha sonra, diğer çorbalar isimlerini aldığında, “kulak” ismi taze balıktan çorba için düzeltildi. Baltık mutfağında aynı kökten gelen sözcüğün sığır eti ile çorba anlamına geldiği ilginçtir. Rus kulağı, malzemelerin sayısıyla yemek pişirmede oldukça basittir: sadece üç tanesi vardır – balık, havuç ve patates. Bununla birlikte, pişirmek için doğru kapasitenin yanı sıra yeterince uzun pişirin. Kaynatma kulağı sadece özel oksitleyici olmayan bir kapta (emaye veya kil), ancak hiçbir durumda alüminyum veya dökme demirde mümkün değildir. Balık çorbası ve sıradan balık çorbası arasındaki diğer önemli fark, taze balık kullanımıdır. Herhangi bir balıktan pişirilemeyeceği de unutulmamalıdır. Balık çorbası pişirmek için kullanılan balıkların en yaygın türü sazan, levrek, mancınık ve turnadır. Kapaksız açık ateşte pişirildiğinde kulak en lezzetlidir.

tarifi:

400 gr fileto, 500 gr patates, 150 gr soğan, 200 gr havuç, 1 diş sarımsak, 3 yemek kaşığı. domates salçası, defne yaprağı, tuz, karabiber, yeşillik – tatmak

Balık ve patatesleri küçük parçalara ayırın ve baharatlarla birlikte kaynar suyla bir tencereye koyun. Orta ateşte 25 dakika pişirin. Kıyılmış soğanı havuç ve domates salçası ile bir tavaya kesin. Kızartmayı çorbaya ekleyin, birkaç dakika daha pişirin, otlar serpin ve servis yapın.

esrar

Bu çorba, belki Rus mutfağında yemek pişirmeyi gerektirmeyen tek örnektir. Başlangıçta, okroshka yaz mevsiminde masaya servis edilmiş ve bir parça ev yapımı ekmek kvası ile tamamlanan küçük (ince doğranmış) turp, şalgam ve soğanlar olan soğuk bir atıştırmalık olarak servis edilmiştir. Kvass ile dilimlenmiş sebzeleri “dökme” fikri daha sonra geldi, sonra okroshka tam teşekküllü bir yaz çorbası haline geldi ve bileşimi biraz et ve diğer sebzelerle değiştirildi. Bu arada, patates sadece 19. yüzyılda Rusya’da ortaya çıkan okroshka’nın en genç maddesidir. Bugün, okroshka sadece kvass ile değil, kefirle de doldurulur ve bazen balık da eklenir, ki bu da şaşırtıcı bir şekilde ikincisiyle iyi çalışır. 

tarifi:

1.5 lt kvass, 500 gr patates, 300 gr haşlanmış sosis, 3 tavuk yumurtası, 200 gr turp, 300 gr salatalık, 500 gr ekşi krema, yeşillik, tuz – tat

Dilim patates, sosis, haşlanmış yumurta, turp, salatalık ve yeşillikleri haşlanmış. Her şeyi bir arada karıştır. Tuz, karabiber, tabaklara yayılır. Kvas dökün, otlar serpin ve ekşi krema ile süsleyin.

Mantar çorbası

Bu çorba Rusya’da orman toplanmasının doğuşuyla tanındı ve hızla Rus milli mutfağının ilk sıralarından birini aldı. Oruç tutanlar için mantar çorbası çok hoş karşılanacak. Mantarların pahasına yeterince besleyicidir, ki bu da gıda ve enerji değerleriyle, etin tadına göre daha aşağı olmayan etin yerini alabilir. Geleneksel mantar çorbası içinde bulunabilecek diğer bileşenler, inci arpa, patates ve havuçtur. Pişirmek kolaydır ve en önemlisi, herhangi bir mantardan (tabii ki sinek agarik ve gerbiller hariç) mümkündür. Bugün Fransa’dan bize gelen kremalı çorba da dahil olmak üzere, mantar çorbasının birçok ödünç alınmış yorumu ortaya çıktı. Kremalı çorbanın hazırlanması her zamanki gibi farklıdır, çünkü tüm bileşenler krema ilavesi ile bir karıştırıcıda ezilir. Bu arada, mantar kremalı çorba, karidesler ile kötü değil.

tarifi:

250 gr taze mantar, 2 adet. Patates, 1,5 litre su, 1 tane soğan, 1.5 yemek kaşığı. zeytinyağı, 1 havuç, tuz, karabiber, yeşillik – tadı

Mantarları bir tencereye koyun, tuz ekleyin ve su dökün. Bir kaynamaya getirin ve orta ateşte bir kapağın altında 30 dakika pişirin. Soğanı ve havuçları ince doğrayın ve pişene kadar kısık ateşte bir tavada tereyağı ile kızartın. Mantarlar pişirildiğinde, tavadan çekip iyice doğrayın. Dilimlenmiş patatesleri tencereye daldırın ve mantarları sebzeye ekleyin ve 10 dakika birlikte kızartın. Patatesler pişirildiğinde, tavaya kızartın. Tuz, karabiber çorbası ve kapağın altında küçük bir ateşte 10 dakika daha pişirin. Otlar serpin.

lahana çorbası

Bu kısa ismi olan çorba, Rus ulusal mutfağının öncüsüdür, çünkü 9. yüzyılda ortaya çıkmıştır, aslında, Bizans’tan getirilen lahana ile birlikte. İsmini yorumlamak için birkaç seçenek var. Bunlardan en ünlüsü: Eski Rus kelimesinin kökeni “yemek” (geçim) veya lahana çorbası türünün bir maddesinin adı olan kuzukulağıdır. Bu kelimenin ve özellikle de türevlerinin (shtany, shchets) en büyük zorlukları, anladığınız gibi, yabancılardan kaynaklanır. Kuruluşundan bu yana, çorba Rusya’da büyük bir popülerlik kazanmış ve basit köylülerle iyi yapılı boyarlar arasında eşitlik işareti olarak hizmet vermiştir, çünkü bunlar her ikisi tarafından hazırlanmıştır, fakat elbette gastronomik yeteneklerine dayanmaktadır. Kural olarak, lahana turşusu, yağlı et parçaları ve bol miktarda sebze ile “zengin” lahana çorbası hazırlandı. Taze lahanadan ve yatakta yetişen her şeyden basit veya “boş” bir çorba pişirildi. Borsch Rus mutfağında daha sonra göründüğünden, adı “shchi” kelimesini “Buryak” (eski Rus pancarında) adıyla birleştirerek elde edildi, yani “borsch” kelimesi hodan ya da pancar çorbası anlamına geliyordu.

tarifi:

4 adet Patates, 1,5 kg lahana, 2 şef soğan, 4 domates, 2 adet. Havuç, 100 gr ekşi krema, 3 yemek kaşığı. bitkisel yağ, defne yaprağı, tuz, biber – tatmak

Bir kaynamaya su getirin, tuz ekleyin ve ısıyı azaltın. Suyu ince kıyılmış lahana ve patatese dökün. Dilimlenmiş soğan ve havuç tereyağı ile bir tavada kızartın. Doğranmış domatesleri ekleyin ve birkaç dakika için biraz su ile kaynatın. Sebzeleri et suyuna koyun, defne yaprağı, tuz, karabiber ekleyin. Servis yapmadan önce ekşi krema ile süsleyin.

Fotoğrafın Kaynağı: Getty Images

Yaratıcı düşünme eğitimi için 8 egzersiz

Daha akıllı, daha akıllı, daha hızlı ve daha yaratıcı olmak nasıl? Marie Claire standart dışı düşüncenin geliştirilmesi için bir dizi egzersiz hazırladı.

Bölüm 1: küçük teori

Eğer sözlüklere inanırsanız – ve değilse, o zaman genel olarak buna inanmaya kim kaldı ülke? – “yaratıcılık” kelimesi, bilinçliliğin (a) yeni ve (b) fiyatlara sahip bir şey yaratma yeteneği anlamına gelir.Nost. Tanımın ikinci kısmı çok önemlidir. Çünkü açık, hemen hemen herkesin bir vinil gözyaşı veya “Kaliplyuk” kelimesi ile gelebilir – ama bu yeni ürünler herkes tarafından gerekli olmayacaktır. Latince, fiil yaratıcısı vardır (“yarat, yarat”), ancak sadece tanrılara uyguladı. İnsanın kendisinin hiçbir şey icat etmediğine inanılıyordu: Yunanlıların şeytan çağırdığı ruhlar ve Romalılar – dahi ona ayet, tunik tasarım ve mancınık çizimine fısıldandı. Polonyalı şair tarafından XVII yüzyılda cesaret edilen bir adamın adı ile “yaratıcı” keçi ilk kez aramak için Sarbevski’den Maciej Kazimir. Bu öyleydi tarih – geçmek ve unutmak. ayrıca bilgi olmadan hangisi gidecekders kitabı olamazzevk almak.

Bugün birçok teori var, Bazı bilge insanların neden şakalar, şarkılar ve nanorobotlar yazabildiklerini açıklarken, diğerleri – hayır. En fazla üçYaratıcılığın ünlü kuramcıları – Alex Osborn (beynin yaratıcısı) fırtına), Edward de Bono (yanal düşünmeyi kim icat etti) ve ismimize rağmen, vatandaşı Genrikh Altshuller (yazar TRIZ, yaratıcı problemlerin çözümü teorisi. Hepsi farklı şeyler hakkında yazılar yazmış ve pratik psikolojideki birçok okula yol açmıştı, ama bütünüyle düşünceleri aynı şeyle kaynatılmıştı. De Bono’nun metaforlarını kullanacağız.

1. İnsan aklı bir sandbox ile karşılaştırılabilir. Kum üzerine su dökülürse, önce küçük bir alana yayılır ve sonra başlar.Orada bir delik derinliği yok ve oraya gidiyor. Bu kafa ile aynı. yaklaşıksuçlama (ve genel verilerde) su, hangi iz bırakır. Çukur düşünce deseni

2. Şablonlar tanımaya yardımcı olur durum ve buna hızlıca cevap verin. Bir kez dikmek için yeterlidir onları satın almayı durdurmak için kaktüs hakkında.

3. Bir araya getirildiğinde, desenler dikey bir zihniyet oluşturur (“deneme ve hata alanı”). Günlük rutin görevleri çözmede yardımcı olur. Çukur modeline girmek, bilgi akar, derinleşir.

4. Dikey düşünme, yaratıcılığı öldürür. Desenlerle düşünen bir kişi yeni bir şey düşünemez. Çünkü bunun için her zamanki yorumlamanın ötesine geçmeli, şablonu kırmalı, yeni ufuklar öğrenmelisin.

Yukarıdaki araştırmacıların hepsi kendi metodolojilerini geliştirdi standart dışı, reklam öğesi geliştirme düşünceler. De Bono, “su” yı yanlamasına, dolayısıyla yönteminin adını – yanal düşünceyi (Latince “lateral” kelimesinden) vermeyi öğretti. Altshuller bunu sağlamak için 76 protokol oluşturdu.bir düşüncenin ötesindesıradan için. Osborne, kollektif zihnin üzerine güvenerek, sonunda farklı çöpleri bağıran bir grup insanın, her birinden daha akıllı olduğuna inanıyordu.üyelerinden ciddi olaraksorun üzerinde.

Ama bunun için yeterli. Beyni hazırlayın, frenleyelim.

Bölüm 2: bir sürü uygulama

Ve işte söz verilen alıştırmalar. Her biri zaman zaman amaçlanıyoraklın belirli bir yönüLenia. Sadece bir makale okuyup çizerseniz, ve içinde bahsedilen kitaplar, yapabilirsiniz özellikle daha akıllı ve hattaçizmeyi öğren. Şakalar hariç.

Şekil 1

Unsur 1: öz eleştiri eksikliği

De Bono, insanların yaşla birlikte aptallaştığına inanıyordu. Bunun nedeni, yetişkinlerin düşüncelere kısıtlamalar getirmeye başlamasıdır. Soruna birçok çözüm “aptal” veya “çocukça” olarak reddedilir. Burada, örneğin, bir rakam ile ünlü test (Şekil 1). Edward ortaya çıktığındaBunu söylemesini istedim Bu, hakkında herhangi bir öğrenci aradı40 seçenek: boru olmayan bir ev, kağıt uçak için bir parça, ısırılmış bir çikolata barı. YETİŞKİNErkekler en fazla 10 çeşit aradıAnte’ler. Kural olarak, kendilerini bir geometri paternine sürüklediler ve figürü üstte bir üçgen veya tepesi kesik bir şekilde bir kare olarak tarif ettiler.Golnik.

Hayal edebiliyor musun Bir kişi bir problemi çözmek için dörtte üçünü (ve herhangi bir imaj zaten bir görev, bir yorumlama materyali) kesebilir, çünkü onlar ciddi değiller ve düşünen bir insanın sözde değersiz olduğu için! Yetişkinler bile telaffuz edilmedidikkatli bir şekilde etrafa bakmak ve bir zımba için bekleyen bu seçenekleri syat. İnsanlar kendilerini önceden eleştirirler! De Bono, bu kompleksin ilk önce atılması gerektiğini söyledi.

Egzersiz 1

Dört segmentle dokuz noktaya bağlanmayı deneyin (Şekil 2). Kağıttan bir kalem çıkaramazsınız. Bu durumda, hat her bir noktadan sadece bir kez geçebilir.

Alıştırma 2

Ama bunu tüm hayatın boyunca yapabilirsin. Almak resimlere bakma kuralı (örneğin, bir dergide reklam) ve çerçevede olup bitenler için bir veya iki seçenek ile yaklaşma. Burada, örneğin, yüzünde bir yüzü olan bir kadınhapların eşi “T” harfi. Neden? Çürükleri, “Ev için Mallar” adlı döküm demir tabela ile çarpışmaya karşı korumaya çalıştı. Yürüyüşün katılımcılarından biri (soldan üçüncü) “Hamilelik döneminde bir artış talep ediyoruz!”? Ya da belki … Üç seçeneğinizi yazın. Aptal olsun. Ama senin görevin öğrenmek düşünme “aptal”, bir çocuk kadar sıradışı. Ve suçlu hissetme o. Bu, yaratıcılığın başlangıcıdır.

Şekil 2

2. Unsur: giriş noktası kaydırması

Bir başka de Bono testi (Şekil 3) şöyle görünür: Katılımcılardan bir hareket halinde dört eşit parçaya kesilebilecek bir şekil çizmeleri istenir. Katılımcıların% 35’i derhal vazgeçiyor, bir haç fikrini öne sürüyor, çok dar orta kısımda yaklaşık% 3, eşsiz bir sonuç üretir (Edward onları toplar). Ortalama olarak, kalan sorunun% 12’si problemi yaratmanın ötesinde değilama herşey aynı ilginç yol – çünkü yeniden bu yaklaşımsonundan. Yani, önce kâğıttan dört özdeş parça kesilir ve sonra bunları şekil içinde birleştirmeye çalışın. Bu giriş noktasının değişmesidir. Sorunun sürekli olarak çözülmesi gerektiğini kim söyledi? Ya hemen hayal edersenneden? Ya da rastgele bir kelime ile bağlamaya çalışın? Ya da resim ile?

Egzersiz 3

Www.dzen.yandex.ru adresini açın. “Bul” düğmesini bulun. Bir problem düşünün: koca poker oynar, topukları yırtılır, cilt şirket takvimi için herhangi bir parselle gelmez. Düğmesine tıklayın. Arama motoru size rastgele bir sonuç verecektir: bir kelime ve bir resim. Sorunu ile bağlantıya çalışın. Sorun arama sonucuyla nasıl ilişkili? Örneğin, “örgü direksiyonuna” düştünüz. Belki kocasının tehlikeli hobisi, arabasını vererek (veya kırarak) güvenli bir yerle değiştirebilir mi? Peki ya topuklar? Ve böylece. “Zen-Yandex” dan tavsiye isteyin (sadece yüksek sesle değil, çocuk gibi hissetmeyin). Cevabı ne kadar küstahça olursa, düşünme modelini de o kadar çok yok eder. Ve unutma, öz eleştiri yok!

Şekil 3

Unsur 3: soruların sonsuzluğu

Çocukların yetişkinlerden daha iyi olan yaratıcı düşüncenin diğer bir yeteneği, temellerin yıkılmasıdır. Gök gürültüsü neden kükrüyor? Çünkü bulutlar birbiriyle çarpışıyor. Ve neden yüzleşiyorlar? Çünkü rüzgar esiyor. Ve neden katlanamazlar? Çocuğun görevi seni yormayacak kadar fazla değil (bir yetişkinin alayının ne kadar zevkli olduğunu anlayamayabilir), şablona kaç tane var. Çocuklar “her zaman” ya da “gerekli” gibi cevapları taşıyamazlar. “Kimin ihtiyacı var?” – sorgulamaya devam ediyorlar. Bu, “Anne sarhoş oldu, çünkü asansöre binmekten korktuğu için, yüzlerce soyut ve paradoksal yargıda bulunmalarını sağlar.” Sen de yapabilirsin.

Egzersiz 4

Satranç oynamayı bilenler için problem – ya da en azından figürlerin nasıl geçtiğini ve piyonun herhangi bir şekle dönüştüğünü ve son çizgiye ulaştığını bilir. Durum: Siyah başlar ve bir sırayla mat beyaz krala koyar. Hareketlerin dikey araması yardımcı olmayacaktır (Şekil 4).

Egzersiz 5

Muhtemelen bu oyunu biliyorsunuz: ev sahibi durumu anlatıyor. Örneğin, bir kişi bir bara gelir ve bir bardak su ister. Barmen onu silahla anlatıyor. Adam sana ve yapraklara teşekkür ediyor. Ya da: kocası ve karısı ıssız yolda dururlar, kocası benzin için gider, karısı kilitlenir. Kocan geri döndüğünde, o arabada bir yabancı, onun yanında öldü, kapılar içeriden kapalı. Belirsiz sorular sormak (“evet” ve “hayır”), oyun katılımcıları olayların resmini geri yüklemelidir. Bu görevler internette dolu – onlara “dans” denir. Sonuna kadar soru sormayı, pes etmeden öğreniyorlar. Eğer bilgisayar oyunu taşımıyorsa, en son meslektaşları veya akrabaları ile tartışana kadar, canlı insanları eğitin. Cevapları “kabul edilemez” ve “kabul edilir” olarak kabul etmeyi reddedin.

Şekil 4

Ve bu konuda yeterli

Mühendislik problemlerini çözmek için ağırlıklı olarak kullanılan TRIZ, yaratıcısının ölümünden sonra unutulmaya başlanmışken, beyin fırtınası yöntemi geliştirilmiştir. Bugün takımdaki problemlere yaratıcı çözümler için birçok teknik var (örneğin Yang’ın prosedürü veya 3-6-5 yöntemi – Google’dalar). De Bono hala hayatta ve yılda bir kitap yazmaya devam ediyor. Ders kitapları www.debono.ru adresinden satın alınabilir. Özellikle iyi “Ciddi yaratıcı düşünme” ve “Geleneksel olmayan düşünme”. Öz öğretmen ».

Önce ve sonra

Unsur 4: sağ hemisferik taciz

Bazı uzmanların beynin sağ yarıküresi ile yaratıcılığı ilişkilendirdiğinden bahsetmemiş olsaydık bu yazı daha da eksik olurdu. 1950’lere kadar, bir insanın neden kafasında bir ceviz takması gerektiği açık değildi – ve neden beyin ideal bir top veya küp olmamalıdır. İlk cevaplar Kaliforniya Teknoloji Enstitüsü’nden R. Sperry tarafından alındı. Hayvanlar üzerinde yapılan deneyler sonucunda yarıkürelerin birbirinden bağımsız olarak çalıştığını keşfetti. Daha sonra, hemisferik bölünme ameliyatı olan, komissurotomi uygulanan epileptiklerle çalışan diğer bilim adamları, özellikle J.Levi, çekildi. Levy, sol yarımkürenin sözel, geçici, analitik olduğunu öğrendi. Sağ, yaratıcı, zamansız, sentetiktir. Çalışmalarının temeli, bir tümörün sağ yarıküresinde büyüdüğü zaman nasıl çizileceğini bilen profesyonel bir sanatçı olan Lovis Corinth tarafından açıklandı.

Ama oldukça eşanlı bir teori. 60’lı yıllarda Profesör B. Edwards, sağ yarımküre düşüncesine dayanan bir çizim öğretme metodu geliştirdi. Kursu, bir kişinin birkaç ay içinde nasıl çizileceğini öğrenmesine izin verir. Ve ayrıca el yazısını geliştirin, güzelliğin tadını çıkarmayı öğrenin ve yeni bir karmaşık bakışla insanınıza bakın. Ve hafızayı geliştirmek ve fenomenler arasındaki bağlantıları görmek.

En azından bu makalenin yazarı olarak nasıl çizileceğini öğrenmek istiyorsanız, Edwards’ın “Sanatçıyı Keşfet” kitabını satın alın. Neyse ki, yakın zamanda tekrar piyasaya çıktı, bu nedenle eski baskının www.booksgid.com adresinden indirilmesine kesinlikle gerek yok.

Egzersiz 6

Muhtemelen resimler yanılsamalarına rastladınız: iki kişi bir vazo oluşturuyor (Şekil 5, fakat internette çok daha fazlası var). Benzer paradoksların çizilmesi sağ yarıküreyle bir bağlantı bulmaya ve iki düşünce türü arasındaki farkı anlamaya yardımcı olur. Kağıdın sol tarafında, kendine ait parçalarını söyleyen bir yüz çizin: alın, gözler, burun, dudaklar. Bitiş noktalarını, yatay çizgilerle tabakanın sağ tarafına bağlayın. Ve şimdi – dikkat! Yüzün ayna görüntüsünü çizmelisin. Şimdi kendinize bir zihinsel diyalog taşımaya çalışmayın, ancak yavaşça bir çizgi çizin, ayna görüntüsünde tüm eğrileri tekrarlayın. Bu teknik sağ hemisferinizi içerecektir.

Şekil 5 (1)
Şekil 5 (2)

Alıştırma 7

Sağ yarımküre çizimini yönetmenin en kolay yolu, kontur çizimlerini baş aşağı kopyalamaktır (Şekil 6 ile oynayın). Çizemediklerini düşünen insanların problemi, görüntü değil, semboller çizmeleridir. Yani, çizim için sol yarımküre kullanırlar (ve bu bir brüt hatadır). Bir yüz çizmek için otururken, aslında bir diyagram çizerler: bir daire, iki göz, bir burun-burun, bir ağız-ağız. Bu nedenle, çizimleri sol yarımküre modunda kopyalayamazsınız: beyin her satırı hazır sembole ayarlar. Ama resmi döndürmemiz gerekiyor – ve beyin dernekleri kaybetti. Sağ yarımı döndürür – ve her şey ortaya çıkmaya başlar. Kendin dene!

Şekil 5 (3)

Egzersiz 8

Şey, düşüncenizi ciddi bir şekilde sarsmak istiyorsanız, yarım küreler arasındaki elektrik darbelerinin değişimini iyileştirin – bir sonraki numarayı deneyin. Farklı ellerde iki kalem (tercihen bir kalem olacak) alın. Acele etmeden deneyin, bir elinizle bir üçgen çizin, diğeri de bir daire çizin. İlk üç dakikada daire veya trukukugi alacaksınız, ancak sonra eller doğru ritmi bulacak ve ayırabilecekler. Eğer o anda başın ağrırsa, bir dakika ya da iki gün sonra yere düşer. Çizimi iki elinizle ustalaştırdığınızda kelimeleri yazmaya çalışın. Farklı olmalılar, ancak aynı sayıdaki harflerden oluşmalılar.

Şekil 6

Eh, hepsi bu. Daha doğrusu, her şey daha yeni başlıyor. Düşünceyi dezenfekte edin, kendinizi eleştirmeyin, giriş noktasını değiştirin, çizin! Bunun iyi bir muhasebeci ya da karısı olmanıza nasıl yardımcı olacağını bilmiyoruz – ama nedense bu makaleyi okumaya başladığınızda libido ve yaratıcılığı arttırdığını öğrendiniz.  

  1. Sezginin gelişimi için 7 egzersiz
  2. Kristal çocuklar kim?
  3. Ne tür bir kral Prens Charles (ve neden William’a vermeyecek)

Fotoğraf kaynağı: Getty Images, basın servis arşivleri

O bir tiran: 5 adamın senin “seni kırdığını” gösteriyor.

Bir adamdaki potansiyel bir tiranın farkına varmak için hangi manipulasyonların yardımcı olacağı konusunda, “böyle bir partnerle hala bir ilişkinin başlangıcındayken“ çağrı ”özel bir dikkat gösterilmelidir – diyor bir kadın psikolog Marina Kabirova.

Erkek ve kadının birliği, özünde, yaşamın en büyülü yönlerinden biridir. Bir ortakla ilişki içinde, en güzel yönlerimizi ortaya çıkarabilir, yeni şeyler öğrenebilir, bir aile kurabilir ve yeni bir yaşam kurabiliriz. Uyum bir çiftte hüküm sürdüğü zaman, çatışma bile daha derin ve mutlu bir ilişkiye adım attıran bir taş haline gelir. Ama gerçekte, bazı nedenlerden dolayı, çoğu zaman, söz verilen mutluluk yerine, kendimizi bir ilişki içinde kaybeder ve en iyi yolu hissetmiyoruz. Ne yazık ki, bu kadar çok sendika var. Yüzlerce kadın, kendileri tarafından görülemezken, mağdurun pozisyonunda bir ilişki içinde bulurlar ve gizli şiddete maruz kalmaktadırlar. Dışarıdan bir gözlemciye böyle bir ittifak bir idil gibi görünebilir. Ancak, ilişki içinde, yavaş ama emin adımlarla, bir ortak diğerini yavaş yavaş “kırıyor”.

“Arkadaşlarını ve ailelerini sevmiyorum”

Güç ve toplam kontrol için çabalamak, şiddete eğilimli bir kişinin işaretlerinden biridir (psikolojik veya fiziksel olup olmadığı önemli değildir). Bu nedenle, ilişkiler geliştikçe, kendinizi her zamanki iletişim çemberinden ve hatta aileden izole buluyorsunuz.

Bu tür bir manipülasyonun sunulduğu soslar farklı olabilir. Adamınız etrafta olmadığınızda sizi nasıl özlediğini anlatarak, bir suçluluk duygusu üzerinde oynayabilir. Ya da, kaba ve alaycı bir şekilde, kız kardeşiniz hakkındaki olumsuz düşüncelerinizi dile getirin. Ya da sizi ihanetin çağrıları, mesajları ve şüpheleri ile yönlendirir. Arkadaşlarla yapılan her toplantı ya da akrabalara seyahat, bir güç sınavı ve ateşli tartışmaların konusu ya da kötü ruh halinin sebebi olur. Başlangıç ​​tiranlığının bir başka karakteristik özelliği de, eşinin kendisine tüm planlarını koordine etmesi gereğidir. Kendisi, yakın çevresiyle uygun zaman ve mekânda oldukça sessizdir.

Bilinçsiz bir hedef, her zamanki desteği, insan kaynağından mahrum bırakmak ve dünyanızı ve yaşamınızı kendinizle kapamak, böylece dikkatinizi her zaman alabilmeniz ve kendinizi bu durum üzerinde kontrol altında tutabilmenizdir. 

Esnek değer sistemi

Ortaklıklar, samimiyet ve sevginin zevkine ek olarak, iyi bir dizi karşılıklı yükümlülükleri de içerir. Birlikte yaşama ile ilgili bazı değerleri ve fikirleri paylaştığımız bir kişiyi seçme eğilimindeyiz. Ancak, bizi ilgilendiren psikolojik şiddet konusunda aşağıdakiler gerçekleşir. Ortak değerler olan ortak değerler ve değerler, bir taraf için katı yükümlülüklere dönüşür ve bir diğeri için çok esnek hale gelir. Yani, aniden, vatana ihanetin kabul edilemezliği hakkında konuştuğunuzda, erkeğin size değil, kendi kendini ifade ettiği ortaya çıkıyor. Ve bir akşam, o kanepede yorgun ve üzgün işten eve gelebilir ve her zaman iyi durumda ve canlılığını ve eğlence yaymak gerektiğini çıkıyor. onun hatlarını kaybeder ve havada çözülür gibi diğer Georgia’nın sözlerden biri yarısı hala büyüyor içinde ve: Yavaş yavaş, bu ilişkilerin sadece bir gol ile oyunun bir çeşit dönüşür. Ne yaparsanız yapın, her şey çok az ortaya çıkıyor ve yeni talepler ve sürekli hoşnutsuzluklarla bitiyor. Aynı zamanda, kendi ihtiyaçlarınız varlığını sürdürüyor gibi görünüyor. 

Kendini gerçekleştirme ile aşağı

Birinin bildiği gibi, hayat bir dizi olaydır. Bazıları neşe getiriyor, diğerleri – aksine. Her insan için hayatınızı, ruhunuzu rahatlatmanıza ve yaşamın zorluklarına karşı daha dirençli olmanıza yardımcı olan kaynaklarla doldurmanız önemlidir. Birisi kurdeleler süslemek ister ve ayda bir kez bir piyano konserini ziyaret etmek ya da eski bir arkadaş ile buluşmak gerekiyor. Tüm bu kaynaklar, nihai analizde bizi daha bütünleyici, güçlü ve özgür kılar. Böyle bir ortak olan manipülatör hiç de ilginç değil, bu yüzden tüm gücüyle “enerjisizleşmeye” çalışacak. Böylece, en sevdiğiniz hobilerin yanı sıra onları paylaşan yakın insanlar yavaş yavaş arka plana itiliyor ve sonunda hayatınızdan yok oluyorlar. Ve onlarla birlikte yavaş yavaş kendini kaybediyorsunuz ve iç pilinizi dolduracaksınız. 

“Bana üzülüyorum, ben en sefilim”

Bir tiran asla tatmin olmayacak bir kişidir. Bir sebepten ötürü, iç dünyasında, sevdiği kişilere karşı tam bir kontrolle telafi etmeye çalıştığı büyük bir boşluk ya da acı taşır. Bu nedenle, bu insanların başka bir karakteristik özelliği sürekli şikayetler ve hoşnutsuzluktur. İşlerin bir şekilde yanlış gittiği gerçeğinde, her zaman bir suçlu vardır. Ve bu, “problem” in ölçeğine bağlı değildir: Muslukun evde mi çalıştığı, ülkede işsizlik mi olduğu. Konuşmada, manipülatörün ifadeleri genellikle hayal kırıklığı, kayıp (tabii ki, kendi gözetiminde değil) yetenekleri ve büyük melankoli hakkında üzüntü gösterir. Sorunlarından şikayet ediyor ve konuşuyorlar. Hayatta veya işte eski ortakların eksiklikleri hakkında içtenlikle minnettar ve neşeyle konuşan en az bir kişiyi bulamıyorlar. Ne yazık ki, birçok kadın kurbağaların bataklıklarından çıkarılabildiği ve prenslere dönüştüğü bir klişe yaşamaktadır. Bununla birlikte, istatistikler gayet belirsiz – ve insanlar kendilerini kural olarak kendi başlarına ve büyük çabalarla kurtarıyorlar. 

yorgunluk

Ve bu, kendinizin size güçlük çekmeyi bıraktığınız ilişkilerde size işaret eden bir işarettir. Bununla birlikte – birlikte daha güçlü ve mutlu olmak için – eski günlere dayanan ortaklığın bir başka amacı da. Yaşamın modern ritmi ve stresle baş edilememesi çoğu zaman apati ve sıradan fiziksel, duygusal yorgunluğun ortaya çıkmasına neden olur. Ancak sezgisel olarak, her birimiz ilişkilerdeki yorgunluğun tamamen farklı bir özellik olgusu olduğunu biliyoruz. İçeriden yavaş yavaş zehirlenen ilişkilerde, er ya da geç manipülatörün hedefine ulaşılır. Siz enerjisizsiniz ve yorgunsunuz, artık kendinizi önemli hissettirmiyor ve kendinize güvenmiyorsunuz, tüm hayatlar garip bir şekilde başkalarının ihtiyaçlarını karşılamaya çalışıyor. Ve artık bir şey istediğinizden ve hatta insanınızla fiziksel yakınlık da dahil olmak üzere, istediği haklara sahip olduğunuzdan emin değilsiniz. Bu aşamada, büyük çaba akım şeması dışına kırmaya çalışıyor, ama çoğu zaman bu denemeler başka bir “son şans” ve “mağdur-tiran” ilişkisi ile sona birçok sadece yeni bir seviyeye geçin.

Tüm mezarları aceleye getirmek için ayaklanmaların ve ailelerin yok edilmesini istemiyorum. Ama eğer aşık olmaktan hoşnut değilseniz – o zaman bu, yıkıcı ilişkilerden kurtulmanın gücünü ve belki de gücünü bulmak için bir fırsattır. Gerçek ortaklık, aşka dayanır ve yine de, bir erkeğin ya da bir kadının bütünlüğünü bozmayan karşılıklı değişim ve tavizleri kabul eder. Eğer iki yetişkin birbirini seviyor ve saygı duyuyorsa, ortaya çıkan zorlukları müzakere edip çözecek bir yol bulacaklar. Ne de olsa, yakınlarına göre daha az yaparak kendilerini yükseltmekten ziyade, yaşamlarını ve ilişkilerini biraz daha iyi hale getirmek için ortak isteklerle bir araya geliyorlar.  

Yazar hakkında:

MARINA KABIROVA – Bir kadın psikolog, kişisel gelişim koçu, yaşamı düzenleyen bir yardımcısı. 

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Plov เป็นจานตะวันออกอันน่าอัศจรรย์ที่มีประวัติศาสตร์อันยาวนานมีรสชาติ ด้วยชุดเครื่องเทศและรูปแบบต่างๆของสูตรต่างๆรสชาติของมันจะได้รับเฉดสีที่ต่างกันโดยสิ้นเชิง ในหนังสือของเขาผู้เชี่ยวชาญด้านอาหารตะวันออก Hakim Galiev รวบรวมทุกรูปแบบที่เป็นไปได้ของการทำอาหาร pilaf จากทั่วโลกและอธิบาย subtleties ของการเลือกส่วนผสมและเครื่องเทศสำหรับจานนี้ คุณสามารถเรียนรู้วิธีการเลือกเนื้อสัตว์และข้าวที่ถูกต้อง: ผลิตภัณฑ์ที่สำคัญสำหรับ pilaf ซึ่งขึ้นอยู่กับรสนิยมของ นอกจากนี้คุณจะได้เรียนรู้ถึงความแตกต่างระหว่างอาเซอร์ไบจันอินเดียอารบิกและพันธุ์อื่น ๆ ของอาหารจานนี้

“Ssoboyki เราปรุงอาหารที่บ้านใช้เวลากับเรา» Julia Vysotskaya

สิ่งที่คุณสามารถกินในช่วงพักที่ทำงานหรือโรงเรียนในระหว่างการปิกนิกสำหรับการเดิน? วิธีกัดอาหารที่บ้านด้วยประโยชน์สูงสุดสำหรับร่างกาย? คำตอบสำหรับคำถามเหล่านี้สามารถพบได้ในหนังสือชื่อเดิม “Squabbling” โดย Julia Vysotskaya นักแสดงหญิงและการแสดงการทำอาหารของเธอเอง อาหารของ Julia ง่ายต่อการจัดเตรียมและจานต่างๆสามารถเดินทางได้ง่าย ซื้อภาชนะที่สวยงามและได้รับแรงบันดาลใจจากแนวคิดในหนังสือเล่มนี้สร้างอาหารมื้ออร่อยทุกวันสำหรับตัวคุณเองและครอบครัวของคุณ

ภาพ: Getty Images กดที่เก็บบริการ

บล็อกยอดนิยมเกี่ยวกับโภชนาการ

บล็อกที่น่าสนใจและมีประโยชน์มากที่สุดเกี่ยวกับสุขภาพและโภชนาการในรัสเซียตาม marieclaire.ru

บ่อยครั้งที่เราได้ยินจากแม่หรือแฟนของเราวลีลึกลับนี้หลังจากงานเลี้ยงแคลอรี่หรือวันหยุด: “เราจำเป็นต้องจัดเตรียมตัวให้พร้อมสำหรับวันปลดปล่อย” ในแง่ปกติหมายถึงนั่งวันหรือสองวันบน kefir ผักแอปเปิ้ลหรือสิ่งอื่นเพื่อกลับไปใช้น้ำหนักก่อนหน้าและทุกอย่างในรูปแบบใหม่ ดูเหมือนว่าจะได้รับการทำความสะอาด (มโนธรรมอย่างน้อยก็คือความสะอาด) แต่ในความเป็นจริงแล้วมันไม่ใช่

สาว ๆ ในรายชื่อของเราได้เปลี่ยนชีวิตของพวกเขาเป็นครั้งคราวโดยพูดว่า “ไม่” กับทุกสิ่งทุกอย่างที่ไม่เป็นประโยชน์ไม่มีวันตายและในที่สุดก็ไม่จำเป็น และในความเป็นจริงข่มขืนทำไมร่างกายของเธอสองสามวันถ้าคุณรุนแรงสามารถเปลี่ยนแปลงตัวเอง, อาหารของคุณเริ่มที่จะรู้สึกดีขึ้นและมีสุขภาพดีมีผิวพรรณที่สดใสรูปทรงเพรียวบางลืมเกี่ยวกับน้ำหนักที่เพิ่มขึ้นและทำให้ไม่ต้องทนทุกข์ทรมาน delighting ตัวเองด้วยการต่างๆ และอร่อยทุกวัน? ถ้าคุณต้องการชีวิตแบบนี้การเลือกบล็อกที่ดีที่สุดเกี่ยวกับสุขภาพและโภชนาการที่เหมาะสมจะเป็นประโยชน์มาก

Salatshop

Olga Malysheva

อาจเป็นบล็อกที่ประสบความสำเร็จในเชิงพาณิชย์มากที่สุดเกี่ยวกับโภชนาการที่เหมาะสม Olya Malysheva ผู้สร้างแรงบันดาลใจด้านลัทธิเริ่มต้นด้วยบล็อกสำหรับเพื่อน ๆ ด้วยสูตรง่ายๆจากผลิตภัณฑ์ที่เหมาะสม ตอนนี้เธอมีเกือบ 19,000 ติดตามใน Facebook, 29.6K สมาชิกใน Instagram, 7, และโปรแกรมการดีท็อกซ์ 3 วัน, โครงการ 365 ดีท็อกซ์กับน้ำผลไม้เพื่อสุขภาพสดสมูทตี้และอาหารว่างที่ได้รับรางวัลมาแล้วหัวใจของสาว ๆ หลาย ๆ ในบล็อกของเขา Olga แบ่งออกสูตรที่มีประโยชน์สำหรับทุกโอกาส, คำแนะนำเกี่ยวกับความงามและการดูแลส่วนบุคคล, การสัมภาษณ์ที่น่าสนใจกับนางเอกในจิตวิญญาณและก็สวยงามแรงจูงใจ, ภาพที่สวยงามจากทั่วเดินทางและเรื่องราวของประเทศที่ปฏิบัติโยคะ, ความคิดเห็น สถานที่ที่ดีที่สุด, หนังสือ, วิธีการดูแลและอื่น ๆ อีกมากมาย 

อ้างจากบล็อก Salatshop.ru:

“คุณต้องเตรียมพร้อมที่จะทำให้การฟอกขอความช่วยเหลือความสนใจการเปลี่ยนแปลงวิถีชีวิตและความคิด เป็นสิ่งสำคัญที่จะไม่เรียกว่า “ดิบ” หรือ “มังสวิรัติ” แต่เป็นไปตามภาวะโภชนาการต่อสถานะและวิถีการดำเนินชีวิตของคุณ “

“จากอาหารหนึ่งไปยังอีกร่างกายหนึ่งร่างกายต้องการเวลา อย่าพยายามทำให้การปฏิวัติในอาหารของคุณในหนึ่งวัน การเปลี่ยนแปลงที่ค่อยเป็นค่อยไปก่อให้เกิดผลสูงสุด “

สดขึ้น!

Julia Korneva

โครงการไม่น่าสนใจอีกประการหนึ่งคือจาก Julia Korneva ถ้าคุณตัดสินใจที่จะไปที่ด้าน “สีเขียว” จากนั้นในบล็อกของ Julia จะพบเคล็ดลับที่เป็นประโยชน์หลายประการว่าทำไมและควรทำอย่างไร ตัวอย่างเช่นทำไมคุณควรหลีกเลี่ยงผลิตภัณฑ์นมไขมันเป็นคาร์โบไฮเดรตที่เป็นประโยชน์และโดยทั่วไปสิ่งที่เป็นพื้นฐานของโภชนาการที่เหมาะสม ในการผ่านไปคุณจะได้เรียนรู้ว่าจะซื้อผลิตภัณฑ์ “สุขภาพดี” เครื่องสำอางอินทรีย์อะไรคือการทำสมาธิล้ำยุควิธีการปรุงอาหารบราวนี่จากแป้งโซบะหรือครีมบีทรูทและสูตรอื่น ๆ อีกมากมายที่ไม่เป็นอันตรายสำหรับรูปนี้

โดยวิธีการเกี่ยวกับสูตร จูเลียได้พัฒนาแอพพลิเคชันทั้งหมดสำหรับ Iphone ซึ่งคุณสามารถจัดเตรียมอาหารอร่อยและมีสุขภาพดีได้โดยไม่ต้องออกจากจาน สูตรอาหารมีการปรับปรุงเดือนละ 2 ครั้ง และทั้งหมดนี้สำหรับ 169 รูเบิล

กับทุกสิ่งทุกอย่างอื่น ๆ จูเลียไม่ใช่แค่คนที่มีความกระตือรือร้น แต่จบการศึกษา ในรายชื่อสถาบัน Harvard Medical School, University of California, Vanderbilt University และนี่ไม่ใช่จุดสิ้นสุดของรายการ 

อ้างจาก Live-up.co:

“ฉันพูดมากและบางครั้งฉันสัมภาษณ์คนที่น่าสนใจเช่นผู้เชี่ยวชาญในการออกกำลังกายเทคนิคการต่อต้านความเครียดโภชนาการที่เหมาะสมดีท็อกซ์ บรรดาผู้ที่เขียนหนังสือเกี่ยวกับอายุขัยและอาหารเพื่อสุขภาพและผู้ที่สร้างผลิตภัณฑ์ที่เป็นประโยชน์ใหม่ตัวเองและในหมู่คนที่มีชื่อเสียงและน่าสนใจที่กำลังหมกมุ่นอยู่กับวิถีชีวิตที่มีสุขภาพดีและสามารถแบ่งปันประสบการณ์ของพวกเขา.

วิธีการสีเขียว

Alexandra Novikova

ลูกสาวของภัตตาคารที่มีชื่อเสียง Arkady Novikova อเล็กซานเดอร์เคยให้ความสนใจอย่างมากในด้านโภชนาการและผลิตภัณฑ์อินทรีย์ที่เหมาะสม มากเสียจนเธอจบการศึกษาจากหลักสูตรที่สถาบันโภชนาการเชิงบูรณาการและเปิดบล็อกที่เรียกว่าวิธีการสีเขียวซึ่งหุ้นความรู้ประสบการณ์การท่องเที่ยว, สูตร “สีเขียว” อาหารความงามความลับสำหรับผิวและผมดูแลและอื่น ๆ มาก สิ่งที่มีประโยชน์

ตัวอย่างเช่นคุณเรียนรู้วิธีการที่จะมีขนมขบเคี้ยวที่สำนักงานจัดการความโกรธและยืนอยู่บนหัวของคุณคุณจะได้เรียนรู้วิธีการเตรียมนาโนไอศครีมหรือปั่นลูกแพร์และเกสรผึ้งทำไมผลิตภัณฑ์นมที่เป็นอันตรายที่จะกินอาหารมังสวิรัติเพื่อสุขภาพในมอสโกและไม่เพียง แต่ในเวลาเดียวกันพบว่า สูตรพิเศษจากเชฟของร้านอาหารเหล่านี้ 

อ้างจาก Howtogreen.ru:

“เป้าหมายของการสร้างสีเขียวคือการทำให้คุณเป็นวิถีชีวิตที่เป็นมิตรกับสิ่งแวดล้อมซึ่งจะช่วยให้สุขภาพและโลกของเราดีขึ้น ที่นี่คุณจะได้พบกับเคล็ดลับสูตรและความเห็นที่เป็นประโยชน์ “

กิน เขย่าเบา ๆ

Victoria Filbert

บล็อกที่ยอดเยี่ยมเกี่ยวกับโภชนาการกีฬาโยคะและการพัฒนาตนเองจากสาวหวานและเปราะบางจาก Saratov Victoria Filbert เป้าหมายหลักคือการสร้างแรงบันดาลใจให้เราเปลี่ยนไปได้ดีขึ้นใช้พลังงานและความมีชีวิตชีวาความงามและวิถีชีวิตที่มีสุขภาพดี ในบล็อกของเธอที่คุณจะได้พบกับการสัมภาษณ์ที่น่าสนใจกับสมัครพรรคพวกของ “สีเขียว” การเคลื่อนไหวของนักกีฬา, พ่อครัวและหญิงที่สร้างตัวเองที่เปลี่ยนตัวเองให้ดีขึ้นชีวิตแฮ็คเกี่ยวกับโภชนาการที่ดีในที่ทำงานสูตรง่ายๆและรวดเร็วที่วิกตรวจสอบส่วนตัว นอกจากนี้ยังได้เรียนรู้มากความคิดเห็นในเรื่องที่แตกต่างกัน: แรงบันดาลใจจากบัญชี Instagram การกีฬาที่ดีกว่าสำหรับการฝึกอบรมที่บ้านและในโรงยิม 

บล็อกของ Vicki กำลังได้รับแรงผลักดัน แต่เรามั่นใจว่าจะเป็นที่นิยมอย่างมากเพราะ จากหน้าแรกก็เป็นที่ชัดเจนว่าจิตวิญญาณและความรักกับรูปแบบหลักมีการลงทุนในมัน 

อ้างจาก Eatandjog.ru:

“ฉันชอบวลี:” ถ้าอาหารทำงานได้แล้วพวกเขาก็จะไม่มากเท่าไหร่ ” อันที่จริงมองย้อนกลับไปในประสบการณ์ของคุณและเข้าใจ – อาหารยอดนิยมไม่ได้ผล การลดน้ำหนักอย่างรวดเร็วจะไม่เพียง แต่นำไปสู่การเพิ่มน้ำหนักที่ตามมาอย่างรวดเร็ว แต่ยังเพิ่มปัญหาสุขภาพ ดังนั้นทางเลือกเดียวที่เหมาะสมคือเมนูส่วนตัวที่สมดุล “

Freshlover

Valentina Gorbunova

Freshlover โครงการ – เป็นเรื่องราวเกี่ยวกับวิธีการเปลี่ยนและทุกครั้งที่ออกจากนิสัยที่ไม่ดีและความรักที่มีวิถีชีวิตที่มีสุขภาพดี นี่คือเรื่องราวของ Valentina Gorbunova ที่เคยพูดกับตัวเอง “พอ” และเริ่มที่จะรักษาตัวเอง, รูปของคุณกินอย่างมีสติ ตอนนี้ก็สามารถเรียกว่า “โค้ชสุขภาพ” ที่สอนและแสดงให้เห็นถึงประสบการณ์ส่วนตัวว่าจะมีชีวิตอยู่จะรู้สึกดี ขั้นตอนนี้ตามคู่มือขั้นตอน: วิธีการเริ่มต้นสิ่งที่จะกินวิธีการที่จะคิดว่าสิ่งที่จะอ่านวิธีการเล่นกีฬาและวิธีการโดยผู้ที่จะเป็นแรงบันดาลใจและอื่น ๆ – ส่วนเล็ก ๆ เกี่ยวกับวิธีการเลี้ยงลูกของพวกเขามีรสอร่อยและที่สำคัญที่สุดที่มีประโยชน์

บทความวาเลนไทน์น่าสนใจมากในการอ่านหนังสือเธอให้ความสำคัญกับทุกรายละเอียดอธิบายว่า “อะไรทำไมและทำไม?” ดังนั้นคำถามก็จะไม่หายไป เรามั่นใจว่าการอ่านบล็อกของเธอจะทำให้คุณหลงใหลเป็นเวลานาน!

อ้างจาก Freshlover.ru:

“ความลับของความสำเร็จเป็นเรื่องง่าย – ใช้เวลาและทำ ทั้งคุณก้าวไปข้างหน้าหรือลดลง ไม่มีตัวเลือกที่สาม “

“ผู้ที่ต้องการมีแรงจูงใจและชักชวนให้ดูแลตัวเอง – ตกอยู่ในสถานที่ที่ไม่ถูกต้อง ถ้าคุณไม่มีแรงจูงใจภายในเพื่อมีชีวิตที่แข็งแรงสร้างขึ้นจากความเข้าใจที่ถูกต้องเกี่ยวกับความดีของคุณเอง – ทั้งหมดไม่มีประโยชน์ ทุกคนมีทางของตัวเอง “

  1. Tverking และอีกไม่กี่วิธีที่เห็นได้ชัดที่สุดในการลดน้ำหนัก
  2. ผลิตภัณฑ์ที่เป็นอันตรายที่เป็นประโยชน์อย่างแท้จริง
  3. 10 ชนิดของปลาซึ่งดีกว่าที่จะไม่กิน
  4. มงกุฎแต่งงาน Megan Markle

รูปภาพ: บล็อกจากด้านบน Getty Images

7 ซุปตำรับดั้งเดิมของรัสเซียแห่งชาติ

ตัวแทนที่โดดเด่นที่สุดของอาหารรัสเซียเป็นซุปแบบดั้งเดิม เราเลือกซุปรัสเซีย 7 แห่งที่รู้จักกันดีทั่วโลก

อาจไม่ใช่ความลับสำหรับทุกคนที่เกิดในอาหารประจำชาติของเรามีบทบาทสำคัญในการผลิตสินค้านำเข้าจากต่างประเทศทั่วโลก อย่างไรก็ตามการทดลองของแม่บ้านชาวรัสเซียและพ่อครัวที่ดีที่สุดในตารางต้นแบบที่นำาไปปรุงอาหารโลกโดยซุปที่เราชอบเรียกกันว่า “ขนมปัง” หรือ “ซุป”

Borsch

ซุปที่ชื่นชอบของจักรพรรดินีแคทเธอรีนมหาราชเป็นเวลาหลายศตวรรษที่ได้รับการชื่นชอบไม่เพียง แต่ในอาหารรัสเซีย แต่ยังอยู่ในเมนูของครอบครัวชาวรัสเซียส่วนใหญ่ และตรงกับความยาวเดียวกันของศตวรรษที่เพื่อนบ้านของเรา Ukrainians ต้องการที่จะกำหนดตัวเองเป็นผู้ประพันธ์ต้นฉบับของซุปนี้ บางทีดังนั้นในเมนูของสถานประกอบการบางอย่างที่คุณสามารถตอบสนอง “ยูเครน Borsch” อย่างไรก็ตามการตีความของ borscht ในประเทศของเราเป็นที่ดี: เย็น, บีทรูท, ยันกับเนื้อวัวกับเห็ด – เหล่านี้และสายพันธุ์อื่น ๆ ของซุปนี้มักจะพบในรัสเซีย แต่แม้จะมีความหลากหลายของส่วนผสมที่เป็นไปได้พื้นฐานไม่เปลี่ยนแปลงของรัสเซียรัสเซียนี้ประกอบด้วยสามผักหลัก – beets กะหล่ำปลีและแครอท

สูตร:

400 กรัมของเนื้อสัตว์ 5 มันฝรั่ง 3 ชิ้น beets, 3 ชิ้น แครอท 1 หัวกะหล่ำปลี 1 มะเขือเทศขนาดใหญ่ 2 ช้อนโต๊ะ ล. น้ำส้มสายชู 1 ช้อนโต๊ะ ล. น้ำตาล, เกลือ, ผักชีฝรั่ง, กระเทียม – เพื่อลิ้มรส

นำเนื้อมาต้ม เมื่อเนื้อสุกใส่มันฝรั่งปอกเปลือกและหลังจากนั้นสองสามนาทีกะหล่ำปลีหั่นฝอย ปิดกระทะที่มีฝาปิด เปิดเตาอบและเทน้ำมันพืช วางแครอทและบีทรูทลงในแถบเพิ่ม 2 ช้อนโต๊ะ ล. น้ำส้มสายชูและ 1 ช้อนโต๊ะ ล. น้ำตาล ปล่อยให้เคี่ยวเป็นเวลา 15 นาที นอกจากนี้คุณยังสามารถเพิ่มไม่กี่ช้อนเต็มของน้ำซุปสำหรับ juiciness ไม่กี่นาทีก่อนการเตรียมส่วนผสมผัก เพิ่มมะเขือเทศ เมื่อกะหล่ำปลีและมันฝรั่งเกือบจะพร้อมแล้วใส่แครอทและบีทรูทลงไปและผสม ปล่อยให้อ่อนเพลียไฟเล็ก ๆ จนกว่าจะพร้อม หมักด้วยผักชีฝรั่งและกระเทียมเทลงในจานและตกแต่งด้วยครีมเปรี้ยว

saltwort

ในหมู่นักท่องเที่ยวชาวต่างชาติมีกฎการกินที่น่าสนใจ: เพื่อไม่ให้อดตายในรัสเซียก็เพียงพอที่จะทราบคำเดียว – solyanka หลายศตวรรษที่ผ่านมาเมื่อรัสเซียไม่ได้แม้แต่มะเขือเทศชาวบ้านก็ปรุงซุปนี้ไว้เป็นของว่างสำหรับวอดก้า เป็นส่วนหนึ่งของเกลือ saltwort จำเป็นเนื้อไขมันและผักจากสวน คำนึงถึงความมีชีวิตชีวาและเนื้อหาที่เป็นไขมันมังกรช่วยให้รู้สึกเมาและไม่ค่อยพอใจ อย่างไรก็ตามซุปนี้ไม่สามารถพบได้บนโต๊ะของผู้แทนของชนชั้นสูงดังนั้นชื่อเดิมของซุป – หมู่บ้าน – มาจากคำว่า “หมู่บ้าน”

ในชีวิตประจำวันของเราวลี “กลุ่มผสม” เป็นที่ยึดมั่นอย่างแน่นหนาซึ่งใช้ไม่เพียง แต่ในการทำอาหาร แต่ยังอยู่ในทรงกลมอื่น ๆ ของชีวิตเพื่ออธิบายความหลากหลายขององค์ประกอบของบางสิ่งบางอย่าง

สูตร:

400 กรัมเนื้อวัวไส้กรอก 4 ไส้กรอก 200 กรัมไส้กรอกต้ม 3 แต้มเค็มเค็ม 200 กรัมแฮม 1 ชิ้น หัวหอม 1 ช่อผักชีฝรั่ง 1 กระป๋องมะกอก 2 ช้อนโต๊ะ วางมะเขือเทศ

ปรุงน้ำซุปเนื้อด้วยการเพิ่มใบกระวานและพริกไทยดำ ตัดเนื้อจากน้ำซุป, ไส้กรอก, ไส้กรอก, แฮม, หอม, แตงกวา, ผักชีฝรั่งและสตูว์เป็นเวลา 10 นาทีด้วยการวางมะเขือเทศ นำไปผสมกับน้ำซุปและปรุงอาหารเป็นเวลา 10 นาที จากนั้นเพิ่มเนื้อไส้กรอกแฮมและไส้กรอก ปรุงอาหารให้เดือด ใส่มะกอกลงไปในซุปพร้อมน้ำเกลือและนำไปต้ม

ดอง

เช่นเดียวกับ solyanka ซุปนี้เป็นหนึ่งในที่เก่าแก่ที่สุดในรัสเซียและได้รับการปรุงสุกนานก่อนที่จะมีการแสดงจานร้อนที่เป็นทางการในประเทศของเรา (ศตวรรษที่ 17) Rassolnik เกือบ 100% เตรียมจากแตงกวาดองด้วยการเพิ่มแตงกวาดองซึ่งเขาได้รับชื่อของเขา ส่วนที่เหลือของส่วนผสมของซุป (ข้าวบาร์เลย์มุกแครอท) มีให้เลือกและเรียบง่ายทำให้เป็นแขกประจำบนโต๊ะของชาวนาธรรมดา และโดยวิธีการเช่นเดียวกับการผสมซึ่งในสมัยนั้นเรียกว่า “อาการเมาค้าง”, rassolnik มักใช้เป็นอาหารว่างสำหรับดื่มเครื่องดื่มแอลกอฮอล์หรือเพื่อบรรเทาอาการเมาค้าง

สูตร:

300 กรัมของเนื้อวัว 150 กรัมของข้าวบาร์เลย์มุก 2 มันฝรั่งหอม 1 2 กลีบกระเทียม 1 แครอท 3 แตงกวาดองผักใบเขียวโหระพา – เพื่อลิ้มรส

ปรุงน้ำซุปเนื้อ ทอดในน้ำมันพืชหอมสับหัวหอม, กระเทียมและแครอทกับเครื่องปรุงรส ต้มข้าวบาร์เลย์มุกจนครึ่งพร้อม หั่นมันฝรั่งลงไปในน้ำซุปที่เตรียมไว้พร้อมกับย่างกรายและรสเพื่อลิ้มรส 10 นาทีก่อนอาหารเพิ่มหั่นแตงกวาและผักสีเขียว

หู

ชื่อของน้ำซุปนี้มีมานานแล้วเป็นชื่อที่ใช้ในครัวเรือน (คำว่า “หู” – มาจากรากยูโรเปียนของ jus – น้ำซุปไขมัน) และถูกนำมาใช้ในการอ้างถึงซุปใด ๆ – หูผักเนื้อหูหูปลา แต่ต่อมาเมื่อซุปอื่น ๆ มีชื่อของพวกเขาชื่อของ “หู” ได้รับการแก้ไขสำหรับซุปจากปลาสด เป็นที่น่าสนใจว่าในห้องครัวบอลติกคำจากรากเดียวกันหมายถึงซุปกับเนื้อวัว หูของชาวรัสเซียค่อนข้างเรียบง่ายในการทำอาหารโดยใช้ส่วนผสมจำนวนมาก: มีเพียงสามอย่างเท่านั้นคือปลาแครอทและมันฝรั่ง อย่างไรก็ตามปรุงอาหารได้นานพอ ๆ กับความสามารถในการปรุงอาหารที่เหมาะสม ต้มหูให้เป็นไปได้เฉพาะในจานที่ไม่ทำให้เกิดออกซิเดชั่น (เคลือบฟันหรือดินเหนียว) แต่ไม่รวมอลูมิเนียมหรือเหล็กหล่อ ความแตกต่างที่สำคัญระหว่างซุปปลาและซุปปลาธรรมดาคือการใช้ปลาสด ควรจำไว้ว่าไม่สามารถปรุงสุกจากปลาได้ ชนิดที่พบบ่อยที่สุดของปลาที่ใช้สำหรับการปรุงอาหารซุป – ปลาคาร์พปลาคาร์พและหอก หูจะอร่อยที่สุดเมื่อปรุงอาหารด้วยไฟที่เปิดโดยไม่มีฝาปิด

สูตร:

400 กรัมเนื้อปลาแซลมอน 500 กรัมมันฝรั่ง 150 กรัมหัวหอม 200 กรัมแครอท 1 กานพลูกระเทียม 3 ช้อนโต๊ะ วางมะเขือเทศ, ใบกระวาน, เกลือ, พริกไทย, เขียว – เพื่อลิ้มรส

ตัดปลาและมันฝรั่งเป็นชิ้นเล็ก ๆ และใส่ในกระทะกับน้ำเดือดพร้อมกับเครื่องเทศ ปรุงอาหารด้วยความร้อนปานกลางเป็นเวลา 25 นาที ตัดหัวหอมที่สับลงในกระทะด้วยแครอทและวางมะเขือเทศ เพิ่มเนื้อย่างในซุปปรุงอาหารอีกสักสองสามนาทีโรยหน้าด้วยสมุนไพรและเสริฟ

กัญชา

ซุปนี้อาจจะเป็นหนึ่งเดียวในอาหารรัสเซียที่ไม่ต้องปรุงอาหาร ในขั้นต้น okroshka ทำหน้าที่ให้กับตารางในช่วงฤดูร้อนเป็นอาหารจานเย็นซึ่งเป็นกัญชา (ชิ้นสับละเอียด) ของหัวไชเท้าผักกาดและหัวหอม, ครบครันด้วยแก้ว kvass โฮมเมด ความคิดของ “เติมเต็ม” ผักสับ kvass มาภายหลังจากนั้นแฮชได้กลายเป็นน้ำซุปในช่วงฤดูร้อนที่เต็มเปี่ยมและองค์ประกอบของมันเป็นเพียงเล็กน้อยเนื้อวาไรตี้และผักอื่น ๆ โดยวิธีการที่มันฝรั่งเป็นส่วนผสมที่อายุน้อยที่สุดใน okroshka ซึ่งปรากฏในรัสเซียเท่านั้นในศตวรรษที่ 19 วันนี้ okroshka เต็มไปไม่เพียง แต่มี kvass แต่ยังมี kefir และบางครั้งปลาก็ถูกเพิ่มเข้าไปด้วยซึ่งน่าแปลกใจที่ทำงานได้ดีกับหลัง 

สูตร:

1.5 l ของขวด 500 กรัมของมันฝรั่ง 300 กรัมไส้กรอกต้ม 3 ไข่ไก่ 200 กรัมของหัวไชเท้า 300 กรัมของแตงกวา 500 กรัมครีมเปรี้ยวสีเขียวเกลือเพื่อลิ้มรส

Slice ต้มมันฝรั่งไส้กรอกต้มไข่หัวไชเท้าแตงกวาและเขียว ผสมผสานทุกอย่างเข้าด้วยกัน เกลือพริกไทยแผ่กระจายบนแผ่น เท kvass โรยด้วยสมุนไพรและตกแต่งด้วยครีมเปรี้ยว

ซุปเห็ด

ซุปนี้กลายเป็นที่รู้จักในรัสเซียกับการเกิดของการรวบรวมป่าและได้อย่างรวดเร็วเอาหนึ่งในตำแหน่งแรกของอาหารแห่งชาติรัสเซีย สำหรับคนที่อดอาหารจะมีการต้อนรับซุปเห็ดมาก มันมีคุณค่าทางโภชนาการเพียงพอที่ค่าใช้จ่ายของเห็ดซึ่งโดยค่าอาหารและพลังงานของพวกเขาสามารถแทนที่เนื้อไม่ด้อยกว่าในรสชาติ ส่วนผสมอื่น ๆ ที่สามารถพบได้ในซุปเห็ดแบบดั้งเดิม ได้แก่ ข้าวบาร์เลย์มุกมันฝรั่งและแครอท การปรุงอาหารเป็นเรื่องง่ายและที่สำคัญที่สุดคือมันเป็นไปได้จากเห็ดใด ๆ (แน่นอนยกเว้น agarics บินและ gerbils) วันนี้มีการแปลความหมายของซุปเห็ดรวมทั้งซุปครีมที่มาจากฝรั่งเศสปรากฏตัว การเตรียมซุปครีมแตกต่างจากปกติในทุกส่วนผสมที่บดในเครื่องปั่นด้วยการเพิ่มของครีม โดยวิธีการที่ซุปครีมเห็ดไม่เลวร้ายกับกุ้ง

สูตร:

250 กรัมเห็ดสด 2 ชิ้น มันฝรั่ง 1.5 ลิตรน้ำหัวหอม 1 หัว 1.5 ช้อนโต๊ะ น้ำมันมะกอก, แครอท, เกลือ, พริกไทย, เขียว – เพื่อลิ้มรส

ใส่เห็ดในกระทะใส่เกลือและเทน้ำ นำไปต้มและเดือดประมาณ 30 นาทีภายใต้ฝาปิดเหนือความร้อนปานกลาง ใส่หัวหอมและแครอทลงไปแล้วทอดลงในเนยในกระทะผัดจนสุก เมื่อเห็ดปรุงแล้วให้ดึงออกจากกระทะและสับให้ละเอียด ตักมันฝรั่งหั่นบาง ๆ ลงในหม้อใส่เห็ดลงในผักแล้วทอดเข้ากัน 10 นาที เมื่อมันฝรั่งสุกตักจุบลงในกระทะ เกลือพริกไทยซุปและปรุงอาหารอีก 10 นาทีโดยใช้ไฟขนาดเล็กใต้ฝา โรยด้วยสมุนไพร

ซุปกะหล่ำปลี

ซุปนี้มีการบันทึกชื่อสั้นถือว่าเป็นบรรพบุรุษของอาหารแห่งชาติเกือบทั้งหมดของรัสเซียในขณะที่เขากลับมาในศตวรรษที่สิบเก้ามาในความเป็นจริงพร้อมกับกะหล่ำปลีซึ่งถูกนำมาให้เราจากไบแซนเทียม มีตัวเลือกมากมายสำหรับการตีความชื่อ ที่มีชื่อเสียงที่สุดของพวกเขาจะสืบเชื้อสายมาจากรัสเซียคำโบราณ “STO” (อาหาร) หรือส่วนผสมจากชื่อของหนึ่งในประเภทของน้ำซุปกะหล่ำปลี – สีน้ำตาล ความยากลำบากที่เกิดขึ้นกับคำนี้และโดยเฉพาะอย่างยิ่งตราสารอนุพันธ์ (shtany, shchets) ตามที่คุณเข้าใจเกิดจากชาวต่างชาติ นับตั้งแต่ก่อตั้งขึ้นในน้ำซุปที่ได้รับความนิยมอย่างล้นหลามในรัสเซียและทำหน้าที่เป็นชนิดของสัญญาณของความเท่าเทียมกันระหว่างชาวบ้านที่เรียบง่ายและขุนนางที่ร่ำรวยเป็นเตรียมพวกเขาทั้งสองเพียงของหลักสูตรในความเป็นไปได้การทำอาหารของพวกเขาขึ้น ตามกฎแล้วซุปกะหล่ำปลี “รวย” จัดทำขึ้นจากกะหล่ำปลีดองกับเนื้อไขมันและผักมากมาย ซุปที่เรียบง่ายหรือ “ว่างเปล่า” ปรุงสุกจากกะหล่ำปลีสดและทุกอย่างที่เติบโตบนเตียง ในฐานะที่เป็นน้ำซุปที่ปรากฏในอาหารรัสเซียมากภายหลังชื่อของมันได้มาโดยการรวมคำว่า “น้ำซุป” กับคำนาม “หัวผักกาด” (ใน drevn.russ. บี), ที่อยู่, คำว่า “Borscht” หมาย Buryakova หรือซุปบีทรูท

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4 ชิ้น มันฝรั่ง 1.5 กิโลกรัมกะหล่ำปลี 2 หัวหัวหอม 4 มะเขือเทศ 2 ชิ้น แครอท 100 กรัมครีมเปรี้ยว 3 ช้อนโต๊ะ น้ำมันพืช, ใบกระวาน, เกลือพริกไทย – เพื่อลิ้มรส

นำน้ำไปต้มใส่เกลือและลดความร้อน เทลงในน้ำกะหล่ำปลีและมันฝรั่งสับละเอียด หัวหอมหั่นฝอยและแครอททอดลงในกระทะกับเนย เพิ่มมะเขือเทศสับและเคี่ยวด้วยน้ำเล็กน้อยสักครู่ ผัดผักลงในน้ำซุปเพิ่มใบกระวานเกลือพริกไทย ก่อนเสริฟให้ปรุงด้วยครีมเปรี้ยว

แหล่งที่มาของภาพ: Getty Images

Anneannelerin yaşlı kadınlar: kızkardeşlerin erken yaşlanmasının sırları

Bir zamanlar mimik aktrislerin ve tasarımcıların Olsen ikizleri Olsen imp ‘in imkansızlığına ayak uydurma hızı “korkudan” korkuyor. Mary-Kate’in güzelliği düşürme örneğinde, böyle bir sonuç için hangi çabaların gerekli olduğunu anlıyoruz.

Ashley ve Mary-Kate Olsen: genç ve güzel (2003)

Seninle aynı yaşta bakmak normal mi, 15-20 yaşlarında kim? Paparazzi lanetli: Olsen kızkardeşlerinin böyle bir haggard ve bitkin bakış için ne yaparsa yapsınlar, mükemmel bir şekilde yapıyorlar. 

Yaşlılık bir sevinç değil: Ashley ve Mary-Kate 31 yaşında (2017)

Belki de, elbette, şöhret ve zenginlik ile orantılıdır. Bir örnek Dorian Gray ima ederler ama unutmayın etmeyin kardeşler 6 yıl inşa etmeye başladı ve dolar milyonlarca hayranı ve milyonlarca getirdi işletme, o. Kızlar umutsuzca Yatırım amaçlayan oldu ve “tatlı cuties” olmaktan yorgun olduğuna inanılmaktadır daha olgun görünmek için (ağırlık, sigara, içme kahve litre ve sadece kahve değil, bir “doğru” kıyafet giyen kaybetmek vb her şeyi yapmaya başladı ) .. 

Top Kostüm Enstitüsü (1 Mayıs 2017)

Sisters, uzun zamandır laik radarlardan kaybolan bir alışkanlığa sahiptir, bu nedenle her birinin görünüşü, her şeyin uzun bir süre açık – değişime uğramasıyla birlikte, seviyenin değerlendirilmesine izin veren, neredeyse bir içgörü haline gelir. Yani, tüm yıl 2017 yabancı basın sevinirdi: en sonunda ikizleri Olsen ilk bakışta ayırt etmek mümkündür – ve bu saç ya da makyaj rengiyle ilgili değildir. 

“Herkes Olsen’i aldığını, çok iğrenç göründüğünü söyleyebilir mi? Bunu asla yapmamayı bilmem gerek! ”MET MET Gala-2017’de Mary-Kate ve Ashley’nin ortaya çıkmasından sonra Twitter’daki en yumuşak yorumlardan biri. Kostüm enstitüsünün balosunu yakından takip eden herkes, kız kardeşlerin boktan tarzıyla değil, cenazeleri ve düşmüş yüzleri ile ilgileniyordu. 

Ve bir de Amerikalı rap şarkıcısı Nicky Menage ile olan fotoğrafa ne dersin? – İkizlerden 4 yaş daha büyük, ama şaşırtıcı derecede genç mi?

Şovu The Show Home’da Bir Çıplak Oliver Sarkozy Mary-Kate Olsen’de yapan şirket tekrar kendim hakkında konuşmamı sağladı. Doğru, eşinin aile hayatının sırrını sağlam tutması ve her eşin serbest bırakılması laik gazeteciler için bir tatil olduğu için değil. Nedeni, kızın acı verici ve gösterişsiz bir görünümüydi. Makyajcılar ve terbiyesiz stilin (ve hatta parlak saç köklerinin) yokluğunda, moda gözlemcileri uzun süredir Mary-Kate’i azarladı. Ama bu kez onlar da onun görüntüsünde ince bir şeytani ve üzücü bir şey kaydetti. 

New York’taki Oliver Sarkozy ve Mary-Kate Olsen (11 Ekim 2017)
Gizemli Mary-Kate: Bir şey tekrar değişmiş gibi

Bu duyguları tamamen paylaştığımızda, Mary-Kate’e ne olduğunu bulmaya karar verdik ve güzellik-evriminin tam bir foto-kronolojisini (ya da daha doğrusu, bozulma) derledik. Ve ayrıca profesyonel bir uzmana, hataların tekrarlanmaması için nasıl ve neden bu kadar hızlı büyüyebileceğinizi açıklayan bir uzmana da sordum. 

Mary-Kate Olsen (perspektif ─ Ashley Olsen), 2003

2003

Bu fotoğraf on yıldan uzun bir süre önce kız kardeşlerin Olsen için moda dünyasına adım atmalarıyla “isim” kıyafetleri ile adım attı. Saç orta kestane rengi gölgeler, dev gözler, tombul yanaklar – güzel, değil mi?

2004

Saçını birkaç açıklıklı iplerle seyreltiyordu, ama o olmadan yüzün tazeliği fethetmeye devam ediyor. Bu, Olsen ikizlerinin o kadar benzer göründüğü altın zamandı ki, bir kız kardeşini diğerine karıştırmak kolaydı. Ve bu, Mary-Kate’in anoreksiya nervoza için tedavi edildiğini açıkladığı zamandır. Hmm, fark edilebilir mi?

2005

19 yaşındayken Mary-Kate, genç stilini zarif ve zarif bir tarza dönüştürdü. Cildi hala sağlık ve hidrasyonla parlıyor (bazı kusurlar görülebilir olsa da). Kaşlar – bir “natyurel”, saç rengi – zor bir doğal “arada bir şey”. Yetişkin tarzı üzerinde çalışmak gayet iyi geçti – onun için çok iyi gidiyor. 

2006

Burada, sevgili Boho stilinde Mary-Kate (yine de görsel bileşenin değiştirilmesi hakkında konuşmak zorunda kalıyor – saç modeli, makyaj). Onu aşırı sefalet için suçlamayacağız, çünkü Nicole Richie ve Lindsay Lohan döneminde oldu ve o hala neredeyse bir çocuktu. Yüz ovalinin neredeyse değişmeden kaldığını unutmayın. 

2007

Bu yıl, ikizler arasındaki ilk somut ayrımı tutan geçici bir işarettir. Britney Spears 2000, koyu eyeliner ve yoğun göz makyajı tarzında yoğun dokulu ışık dalgaları young genç hanımın 21 olduğuna inanıyor musunuz? 

2008

Bir yıl boyunca, Mary-Kate imgesi neredeyse değişmedi: o hala kelimenin en iyi anlamıyla “cilalı”. Çok çekici ve çok moda. Uzun kirpiklere duyulan sevgi, şiddetli bir renk vermeye devam ediyor. Ve belki de, burun biraz “kayıp kilo” ─ veya görünüyordu?  

2009

Görünüşe göre Olsen burada her zamanki gibi görünüyor. Ancak tüm güzellik eleştirmenleri, 2010’un Mary-Kate için dönüm noktası olduğuna inanıyor. Kırışıklıklar yokmuş gibi ve hayır, ama bir şey değişti. Yüzü “uçup gitti”. 

2010

Bu fotoğrafta Mary-Kate 24 yaşında. Elbette, aynı zamanda bir sorum vardı: aynı kişi mi? Gözleri daha az yuvarlak ve açık görünüyor (bu pek hoş değil), yanaklar – hiç tamamlanmadı (ve konturlamada değil), burnun şekli – daha da rafine. Dudakların bile küçüldüğü ve küçüldüğü, “daha ​​yoğun” hale geldiği görüldü. Tabii ki, rastgele yakalanmış bir çerçeve olabilir, ancak yine de değişiklikler şaşırtıcıdır. 

2011

Mary-Kate’in kısaca denediği parlak bir sarışın görüntüsünü gerçekten seviyoruz. Pembe göz makyajı da sıradışıdır (en sevdiği mat soluk pembe rujunun aksine). Ama bu sadece makyaj işinde mi? Alında kırışıklıkların bir ipucu yok, ama gülümseme çok doğal görünmüyor. Çünkü Olsen uzun süredir kırmızı halı yollarının profesyonelleri mi, yoksa başka bir nedeni var mı? 

2012

Mary-Kate, saçlarının karanlık gölgesine döndü. Ama onu başının renginden daha yaşlı yapmaz, ama yüzleri, yanakları ve çene, açıkça daha ince ve daha keskin olsa da, daha heykelsi. Sadece 26 yaşında olduğunu hatırlayın ve yağın fizyolojik kaybı için – çok erken yaşta! 

2013

Bir sarışın için yapılan son çağrı (görünüyor, kabul ediyoruz, biraz özensiz ve çok akıllı değil). Kaşlar hala muhteşem bir sanatsal karmaşa içinde – Kara Delevin tarafından bile canlandırılabilir ve göz kalemi agresif bir şekilde kışkırtıcıdır. Ama konu bu değil. Bu elmacık kemikleri nereden geldi, yani, daha önce neredeydiler? 

2014

Üç yıl önce, Mary-Kate’in bir fotoğrafı Hollywood güzellik deneylerine alışmış seyircileri bile şok etmeye başladı. Çenesi şu anda neden aynı şeyi yapmadı? Yanaklar nerede başarısız oldu? Belki de, böylesine parlak bir kontrastın hatası yeni bir saç şekliydi – “yağlı” kökler, bükülmüş ipuçları ve ortada sıkı bir ayrılık. Ama tamamen farklı göründüğü inkar edilemez. 

2015

Kontrol atışında, neredeyse yenmek için – kız kardeşi ablasından nasıl ayrıldı! Bu normal yaşlanma mı (Mary-Kate 28 yaşında), yoksa hala kendisi ile bir şeyler yapıyor mu (Oliver Sarkozy ile evli olduğu dışında)? 

Özet: 2007 yılında, yabancı laik gözlemciler, ikizlerin rinoplasti uyguladıkları (neredeyse iki katına çıkmış) önerilerde bulundular. Genellikle, yaşla birlikte, burun ucu daha geniş ve yumuşak olur, ancak keskin değildir. Doğru, burnun plastisitesinin, kısa bir süre içinde Mary-Kate’in ortaya çıkmasıyla meydana gelen değişiklikleri tam olarak açıklayamaması olası değildir. Ayrıca, birkaç (görünüşte çok başarılı olmayan) plastik cerrahi geçirdiğine inanılmaktadır. Örneğin, bir kişi, Olsen’in kaşlarının açık bir şekilde büyüdüğü ve endoskopik bir kaş kaldırma sonucu ortaya çıktığını belirtmektedir. Elmacık kemikleri de en azından çok heykelsi görünüyor. Genel olarak, ne olursa olsun, güzellik uzmanları eminim ─ bu, doğal yaşlanmanın sonucu olarak% 100 değildir. 

Anti-age ilaç uzmanı Natalia Grigorieva’nın Premium Estetik kliniğinin genel direktörü olarak yorumladı:

Mary-Kate’de yaşla ilgili belirgin değişikliklerin nedenleri sıklıkla erken pitoz olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Bununla birlikte, cildin elastikliğini kaybetmesi, bu nedenle kişinin “kaydığı”, bu durumda ikincildir. Geçmişte, Mary’nin yeme davranışında ciddi sorunları vardı, çünkü anoreksiden muzdaripti. Sonuç olarak, kız çok ince ve çok ince oldu, bu yüzünü etkilemedi ancak yüzünü etkiledi: yağ altı subkutan yağ tabakası, elmacık kemikleri daha belirgin hale geldi ve yanaklar – daha içi boş. Örneğin, yakın tarihli fotoğraflarda, boynun boyun ve alt çene açısı alanında sarkması zaten fark edilir. Aslında, tüm bunlar daha çok malnutrisyonun (genel olarak görünüşte ve yaşam tarzı) ve keskin bir kilo kaybının sonucudur.

Mary-Kate ve Ashley: en mutlu 16 yaşındayım nerede?
Mary-Kate: Tarihte anoreksiya ile global kilo kaybının tarihçesi

Radikal görünür plastik burun görünür – sırt ve ucu daha dar hale gelmiştir. Ve Mary-Kate de kontur dudaklı plastiği yapar – üst dudak daha sonraki fotoğraflarda farkedilir şekilde dolgunlaştı. Fakat bu düzeltme her zaman çok dikkatli bir şekilde yapılır, fazlalık olmadan, bu yüzden saç renginden farklı olarak, yüzünü bozmaz, küçük bir “büyükanne” saç modeli ve makyaj.

Cildin rengine de dikkat edin – Mary-Kate, kız kardeşininkinden belirgin bir şekilde daha karanlık bir gölgeye sahiptir. Tabaklanmış yüzler her zaman daha yaşlı görünürler ve kendi kendine bronzlaşma cildin pitosunu hızlandırır. 

Erken yaşa bağlı değişiklikler Mary-Kate (solda) ─ güneş banyosu ve solaryum büyük bir hayranıyım, (Elizabeth Olsen ve Ashley Olsen, 2016 kardeşlerimle) avtobronzant değil demek

Şimdi 30 yıl içinde 40-odd gibi görünmemesiyle ilgili. Biz ─ östrojenlerin üretken sentezinin, dişi seks hormonları (jinekolojik ve endokrin hastalıkları yokluğunda da bunu azaltmaya) gerçeği de dahil olmak üzere uygun beslenme ve kilo kaybı olan ve olmayan dramatik, önemi hakkında konuşun. Kolajen ve elastin – Hormonal denge östrojen sentezinde azalma yavaşlar ve cilt yeni liflerin sentezini çünkü kadının cilt durumu için çok önemlidir. Cilt yavaş yavaş elastikiyetini ve sarkmasını kaybetmeye başlar. Benzer değişimlerle ─ sıklıkla yerçekimi pitozu olarak adlandırılırlar ─ kadınlar menopozda, bazen de daha erken yaşarlar. Kendimiz zaman içinde cildin içinde ideal olarak meydana gelen değişiklikleri hızlandırdığımızda, 25-30 yıl içinde elastikiyetinin ve esnekliğinin kaybı belirtileri ortaya çıkabilir.  

Kate, kozmetik ve saç modellerinin eksikliğinden (kazaen bir çerçeve için) kullanılamaz, fakat cilt kıvrımlarının “sarkması”
Sarkozy Mary-Kate yaşam dönemlerinden birinin “Kurtarma paketi”: güneş gözlüğü, iPhone ve sigaraların (gösterge sıkma nazolabial kıvrımlar belirtmek gösteriyor)

Erken pitoz nedenleri:

Güneş yanığının kötüye kullanılması.
Herkes, A tipi UV ışınlarının, özellikle elastine karşı, deri liflerine zarar verdiğini bilir. Bizi, yılın herhangi bir zamanında (bulutlu havalarda da dahil olmak üzere) etkilediklerini bilmek önemlidir. Ve onlar için arabanın camı bir engel değil. Gün boyunca Güncellememeniz SPF her gün anlamına gelir kullanmıyorsanız, sen, göz alanında örümcek damarlar kırışıklıkların erken görünümünü karşısında risk cildin sarkmasını ve yanaklar ve elmacık kemikleri de dokuları yatan, nazolabial kıvrımlar şiddetlenir. Bu açıdan bilhassa tehlikeli olan solaryumdur – bu tabaklamadan 5 dakika elastin ve kollajenin sentezini 72 saat boyunca engeller! Bu yüzden solaryumu kötüye kullanmamak, ancak cildi seanstan önce korumak daha iyidir. İdeal olarak, bir solaryumda güneşlenmek, yüzünüzü tamamen kapatmak daha iyidir.

Kahve ve sigaralar gençlik ve güzellik için mücadelede kötü müttefikler ama kız kardeşler Olsen korkmuyor

Basit karbonhidratların diyetindeki bolluk.
glukoz kan glikoz düzeyi sonuçları düzenli güçlü bir artış tüm hormonlar, enzimler, vasküler duvar, epitel hücre zarlarının esas olan proteinleri ile reaksiyona girer. Bu etkileşimin bir sonucu olarak, protein oksitlenir – “şekerlenmiş” (bu işlem glikasyon olarak adlandırılır). Sonuç olarak, belirli bir organın dokusunun kademeli olarak yok edilmesi ve işlevinin ihlali söz konusudur. Yaşlanmada ana etken dermiste kollajen proteinlerinin çoğalmasıdır. Daha basit şekerler kullananlar, yaş değişiklikleri daha erken ortaya çıkar. En önemli (ve elementer) yaşlanma karşıtı araçlardan biri, diyette basit şekerin kısıtlanmasıdır. 

Protein eksikliği (özellikle esansiyel amino asitler).
Onunla, çoğunlukla vejeteryanlığa bağlı insanlar, sınırlı bir ürün grubundan bir menü yapıyorlar. Cilt “nemyasoedov” genellikle donuk ve sarkık, zamanın ötesine turgor kaybeder. 

Erken yaşlanmayı nasıl önleyebiliriz?

İlk olarak, erken pitozun ana nedeni haline gelen iç problemleri ortadan kaldırmanız gerekir. En temel: (Bu konuda da uykunun düzenli eksikliği) kötü alışkanlıkları ile kırmaya, bronzlaşmayı vazgeçmek düzenli SPF ile araçlarını kullanmayı öğrenmek için güç normalleştirmek için. Sipariş ve güzellik uygulamalarının cildi getirmek Yardım ─ onlar kolajen ve elastin üretimini stimüle cilt iskeleti güçlendirmek için yardımcı, hyalüronik asidin açığını telafi etmek için deride fibroblastlar aktive edin. 

deneyin:

Mary-Kate Olsen (Ağustos, 2017)

Yüz masajı. Farklı tipler hardware donanımdan el kitabına. Masaj, kaslarıyla çalışmanıza ve tonlarını korumanıza olanak tanır. Bu yüz için bir çeşit “spor salonu”. Bu etkilerin bir sonucu olarak, kaslar koltuklarına gelir ve güçlendirilir, lenf drenajı sağlanır.

Lazer teknikleri Deri liflerinin sentezlenme süreçlerinin tetiklendiği kontrollü bir hasar verir.

Fototerapi. Elastoz problemlerini çözer, yeni kolajen ve elastin liflerinin üretimini uyarır, pigmentasyonu giderir. 

RF-kaldırma. Bu teknikler sayesinde, cilt, kolajen ve elastin liflerinin oluşumunu aktive eden ve aynı zamanda cildin glike liflerini yok eden, büyük bir derinliğe kadar yeteri kadar yüksek bir sıcaklığa kadar ısınabilir.

Kontur plastik. Yüzün orta üçte birlikteki kayıp hacminin geri kazanılmasına yardımcı olur, elmacık kemikleri daha belirgin hale gelir, alt çene ve çene arasında oluşan bir açı vardır. 

Tüm prosedürler (ve bireysel olarak birleştirilmelidir) ve her durumda programların kaldırılması için birçok seçenek vardır. Ana şey bir durum başlatmak değil. 

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Fotoğraf: Getty Images, Lejyon Medya